Knowledge Base

Management Reference Library

S

Sampling

Birnbaum, Z. W. and Mirken, M. G. (1950). 'Bias due to non-availability in Sampling Surveys', Journal of American Statistics Association, 98-111

Clausen and Ford (1947). 'Controlling bias in mail questionnaires', Journal of American Statistics Association, 42, 497-511

Cochran, W. G. (1963). Sampling Techniques, Wiley, New York

Deming, W. E. (1953). 'On a probability mechanism to attain an economic balance between the resultant error of response and the bias of nonresponse', Journal of American Statistics Association, 48, 743-772

Durbin, J. (1954). 'Nonresponse and Call backs in surveys', Bulletin of International Statistics Institute, 2, 72-86

Durbin, J. and Stuart, S. (1954). 'Call backs and clustering in Sample Surveys: an experimental study', Journal of the Royal Statistics Society (A), 117, 387-428

El-Badry, M. A. (1956). 'A Sampling Procedure for Mailed Questionnaires', Journal of American Statistics Association, 51, 583-6

Hansen, M. H. and Hurwitz, W. N. (1946). 'The problem of nonresponse in sample surveys', Journal of American Statistics Association, 41, 517-529

Politz, A. and Simmons, W. (1949). 'An attempt to get the 'Not-at-homes' into the sample without callbacks', Journal of American Statistics Association, 44, 9-31

Politz, A. and Simmons, W. (1949). 'A note on 'An attempt to get the 'Not-at-homes' into the sample without callbacks'', Journal of American Statistics Association, 45, 136-7

Raj, D. (1958). 'On the relative accuracy of some sampling techniques', Journal of American Statistics Association, 53, 98

Raj, D. (1968). Sampling Theory, McGraw Hill, New Delhi

Rao, J. N. K. (1969). 'Ratio and Regression estimators', in Johnson, N. L. and Smith, H. (eds) New Developments in Survey Sampling, Wiley, New York

Srinath, K. P. (1971). 'Multiphase sampling in nonresponse problems', Journal of American Statistics Association, 66, 583-6

Scenarios and Scenario Planning

Fahey, L. and Randall, R.M. editors (1998) Learning from the Future: Competitive foresight scenarios John Wiley & Sons, New York

Schwartz, P. (1991). The art of the long view, Doubleday, New York

Van der Heijden, K. (1996) Scenarios: The art of strategic conversation, John Wiley & Sons, New York

Shareholders

Argenti, J. (1997). 'Stakeholders: the Case Against', Long Range Planning, Vol. 30, No. 3, 442-445

Band, D. 1992, 'Corporate Governance: Why Agency Theory Is Not Enough,' in European Management Journal, December, vol. 10 no. 4, pp. 453-459.

Campbell, A. (1997). 'Stakeholders: the Case in favour', Long Range Planning, Vol. 30, No. 3, 446-449

Fromson, B. D. 1990, 'The big owners roar', in Fortune, 122(3). Pp. 66-78.

Jacoby, J. 1997, 'Quantifying Shareholder Objectives To Secure Effective Investor Relations', Address to A.I.C.D. conference Driving Tomorrow's Company, Sydney, May.

Jacoby, J. (1999). 'Rethinking Relationships - who owns a public company: the directors and managers or the owners?', in Management Today, Australian Institute of Management, August

Jacoby, J. (1998). Reframing the relationship between the corporation and it shareholder owners: implications for modern organisations, Doctoral Thesis, RMIT, Melbourne

Jacoby, J. (1997). 'Ownership is not share and share alike', in Management Today, Australian Institute of Management, November/December

James, D. 1996, 'Companies learn the value of talking to shareholders', in Business Review Weekly, March 18.

Worrell, D. L., Nemec, C. and Davidson, W. N. (1997). 'One hat too many: Key executive plurality and shareholder wealth', Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 18, No 6, 499-507

Social Psychological Models of Organisation

Blake, R. R. and Mouton, J. S. (1984). The new managerial grid III, Gulf Publishing, Houston

Boyatzis, R. (1982). The Competent Manager, Wiley & Sons, New York

Dunphy, D. and Stace, D. (1992). Under new management: Australian organisations in transition, McGraw Hill, Sydney

Dunphy, D. (1981). Organisational change by choice, McGraw Hill, Sydney

Emery, F. E. (1969). Systems Thinking, Penquin, London

Emery, F. E. (1981). Systems Thinking, Penquin, London

Hall, R. H. (1987). Organisations: Structures, processes and outcomes. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs

Hersey, P. and Blanchard, K. H. (1977). Management of organisational behaviour: Utilising human resources, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs

Kakabase, A. and Ludlow, R., et al. (1987). Working in organisations, Penguin, London

Kakabase, A. and Parker, C. (eds) (1987). Power, politics and organisations: A behavioural science view, Wiley, New York

Katz, D. and Kahn, R. (1966). Social psychology of organisations, Wiley, New York

Kolb, D. A., Rubin, I. M., et al. (1983). Organisation psychology: A book of readings, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs

Kolb, D. A., Rubin, I. M., et al. (1984). Organisation psychology: An experiental approach to organisational behaviour, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs

Lindzey, G. and Aronson, E. (1985). Handbook of social psychology, Volume II: Special fields and applications, Random House, New York

Maccoby, M. (1976). The gamesman: The new corporate leaders, Simon and Schuster, New York

Mink, O. G., Schultz, J. P. et al. (1986). Developing and managing open organisations: A model and methods for maximising organisational potential, OHRD Associates, Austin

Schein, E. (1980). Organisational Psychology, Prentice Hall, London

Senge, P. (1990). 'The leader's new work: Building learning organisations', Sloan Management Review, Fall, 7-23

Srivastra, S. and Associates, (eds) (1886). Executive power: How executives influence people and organisations, Jossey Bass, San Francisco

Stroebe, W., Kruglanski, A. W., et al. (1988). The social psychology of intergroup conflict: Theory, research and applications, Springer-Verlag, New York

Weisbord, M. R. (1978). Organisational diagnosis: A workbook of theory and practice, Addison Wesley, Reading

Weisbord, M. R. (1978). Productive workplaces: Organising and managing for dignity, meaning and community, Jossey Bass, San Francisco

Stakeholders

Argenti, J. 1997, 'Stakeholders: the Case in Favour', in Long Range Planning, Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 446-449.

Campbell, A. 1997, 'Stakeholders: the Case in Favour', in Long Range Planning, Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 446-449.

Harris, J. S. and St.John, C. (1996). 'Managing and Partnering with External Stakeholders', Academy of Management Executive, Vol. 10, No 3, 46-60

Statistical Techniques

Birnbaum, Z. W. and Mirken, M. G. (1950). 'Bias due to non-availability in Sampling Surveys', Journal of American Statistics Association, 98-111

Chang, H. J. and Liang, D. H. (1996). 'A two-stage unrelated randomised response procedure', Australian Journal of Statistics, 38, 43-51

Clausen and Ford (1947). 'Controlling bias in mail questionnaires', Journal of American Statistics Association, 42, 497-511

Cochran, W. G. (1963). Sampling Techniques, Wiley, New York

Deming, W. E. (1953). 'On a probability mechanism to attain an economic balance between the resultant error of response and the bias of nonresponse', Journal of American Statistics Association, 48, 743-772

Durbin, J. (1954). 'Nonresponse and Call backs in surveys', Bulletin of International Statistics Institute, 2, 72-86

Durbin, J. (1959). 'A note on the application of Quenouille's method of bias reduction to the estimation of ratios', Biometrika, 46, 477-480

Durbin, J. and Stuart, S. (1954). 'Call backs and clustering in Sample Surveys: an experimental study', Journal of the Royal Statistics Society (A), 117, 387-428

El-Badry, M. A. (1956). 'A Sampling Procedure for Mailed Questionnaires', Journal of American Statistics Association, 51, 583-6

Goodman, L. A. and Hartley, H. O. (1958). 'The Precision of unbiased ratio type estimators', Journal of American Statistics Association, 53, 491-508

Hansen, M. H. and Hurwitz, W. N. (1946). 'The problem of nonresponse in sample surveys', Journal of American Statistics Association, 41, 517-529

Hansen, M. H. and Ross, A. (1954). 'Unbiased ratio estimates', Nature, 174, 270-1

Kish, L. (1965). Survey Sampling, Wiley, New York

Politz, A. and Simmons, W. (1949). 'An attempt to get the 'Not-at-homes' into the sample without callbacks', Journal of American Statistics Association, 44, 9-31

Politz, A. and Simmons, W. (1949). 'A note on 'An attempt to get the 'Not-at-homes' into the sample without callbacks'', Journal of American Statistics Association, 45, 136-7

Quenouille, M. H. (1956). 'Notes on bias in estimation', Biometrika, 43, 353-360

Rao, J. N. K. (1965). 'A note on estimation of ratios by Quenouille's method', Biometrika, 52, 647-9

Rao, J. N. K. (1969). 'Ratio and Regression estimators', in Johnson, N. L. and Smith, H. (eds) New Developments in Survey Sampling, Wiley, New York

Rao, J. N. K. and Beegle, L. D. (1967). 'A Monte Carlo study of some ratio estimators', Sankhya (B), 47-56

Srinath, K. P. (1971). 'Multiphase sampling in nonresponse problems', Journal of American Statistics Association, 66, 583-6

Strategy

Boeker, W. (1989). 'Strategic change: the effects of founding and history', Academy of Management Journal, 32 (3) 489-515

Chandler, A. D. 1962, Strategy and Structure, The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.

David, F. R. (1993). Concepts of strategic management, Macmillan, New York

Eden, C. 1994, 'Strategy Development and Implementation: Cognitive Mapping for Group Support', in Hendry, J., Johnson, G. and Newton, J., Strategic Thinking: Leadership and the Management of Change, Ch 5.

Ewaldz, D. B. (1991). 'Corporate strategy: how integrated should your company be?', Journal of Business Strategy, 12 (4) 21-25

Godfrey, P. C. and Hill, C. W. (1995). 'The Problem of Unobservables in Strategic Management Research', in Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 16, 519-533

Golden, B. 1992, 'The Past is the Past - Or Is It? The Use of Retrospective Accounts as Indicators of Past Strategy', in Academy of Management Journal, Vol 35, No 4, pp. 848-860.

Hagedoorn, J. (1993). "Understanding the rationale of strategic technology partnering: interorganisational modes of co-operation and sectoral differences', Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 14, pp 371-85

Hamel, G. and Prahalad, C .K. 1993, 'Strategy as Stretch and Leverage,' in Harvard Business Review, March-April, 75-84.

Hendry, J., Johnson, G. and Newton, J. (eds) (1994). Strategic Thinking, Wiley

Hofer, C. W. and Schendel, D. (1978). Strategy formulation: analytical concepts, West Publishing

Hoffman, R. C. and Preble, J. F.(1991). 'Franchising: selecting a strategy for rapid growth', Long Range Planning 24 (4) 74-85

Inkpen, A. and Choudhury, N. (1995). 'The Seeking of Strategy Where It Is Not: Towards a Theory of Strategic Absence', Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 16, 313-323

Johnson, G. and Scholes, K. (1997) Exploring Corporate Strategy, 4th edition Prentice Hall, London

Lewis, G., Morkel, A. and Hubbard, G., (1993). Australian strategic management: concepts, context and cases, Prentice-Hall

Makridakis, S. G. (1990). Forecasting, Planning and Strategy for the 21st Century, The Free Press, London

Mintzberg, H. And Quinn, J. (1991). The Strategy Process, (2nd Edition) Irwin.

Mintzberg, H. (1994). The Rise and Fall; of Strategic Planning, Free Press

Oxelheim, L. and Wihlburg, C. G. (1991). 'Corporate strategies in a turbulent world economy', Management International Review, Vol 31, pp 293-315

Parker, L. D. (1996). 'Strategic Objectives', in Australian Company Secretary, March.

Porter, M. (1980). Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analysing Industries and Competitors, The Free Press, New York.

Porter, M. (1991). 'Toward a dynamic theory of strategy', in Strategic Management Review, Vol 12, 95-117

Porter, M. (1996). 'What is Strategy', Harvard Business Review, November-December

Prahalad, C. and Hamel, G. (1990). 'The core competence of the corporation', Harvard Business Review, May-June, 71-90

Quinn, J. B., Mintzberg, H. and James, R. M. (1991). The strategy process: concepts, contexts and cases 2nd edition, Prentice-Hall

Reger, R. and Huff, A. (1993). 'Strategic Groups: A Cognitive Perspective', in Strategic Management Journal, Vol 14, pp. 103-124.

Rumelt, R., Schendel, D. and Teece, D. (eds) (1992). Fundamental Issues in Strategy: A Research Agenda, Harvard Business School Press.

Shapiro, C. (1989). 'The theory of business strategy', Rand Journal of Economics, Vol 20 (1). Pp 125-137

Wall, S. J. and Wall, S. R. (1995). 'The Evolution (Not the Death) of Strategy', Organisational Dynamics, Autumn, 7-19

Whittington, R. (1996). 'Strategy as Practice', Long Range Planning, Vol. 29, No 5, 731-735

Strategy & Economics

Grant, R. (1991). 'Porter's 'Competitive Advantage of Nations': An Assessment', Strategic Management Journal, Vol 12, pp 535-548

Porter, M. 1990, 'The Competitive Advantage of Nations', in Harvard Business Review, March-April, pp. 73-90.

Roquebert, J., Phillips, R. and Westfall, P., 'Markets v. Management: What 'Drives' Profitability?', Strategic Management Journal, Vol 17, pp 633-664

Rumelt, R.P., Schendel, D. and Teece, D.J. 1991, 'Strategic Management and Economics', in Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 12, pp. 5-29.

Rumelt,, R. 1991, 'How much Does Industry Matter?', in Strategic Management Journal, Vol 12, pp. 167-185.

Shapiro, C., (1989). 'The Theory of Business Strategy', Rand Journal of Economics, Vol 20, No 1, pp 125-137

Strategy - Business Level Strategy

Barney, J.B. (1991) Firm Resources and Sustained Competitive Advantage, Journal of Management, Vol. 17, No 1, pp. 99-120

Buzzell, R.D., and Gale, B.T. (1987) The PIMS Principles: Linking Strategy to Performance, Free Press, New York

Day, G.S. (1990) Market Driven Strategy, Processes for Creating Value, The Free Press, New York

Ghemawat, P. (1991) Commitment: The Dynamic of Strategy, Free Press, New York

Hamel, G., and Prahalad, C.K. (1994) Competing for the Future, Harvard Business School Press

Mintzberg, H. (1990) Strategy Formation: Schools of Thought, in Frederickson, J.W., (Ed.), Perspectives on Strategic Management, Harper & Row, New York

Nonaka, I. (1991) The Knowledge-Creating Company, Harvard Business Review, November-December, pp. 96-104

Peteraf, M.A. (1993) The Cornerstone of Competitive Advantage: A Resource-based View, Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 14, pp. 179-91

Porter, M.E. (1985) Competitive Advantage: Creating and Sustaining Superior Performance, Free Press, New York

Porter, M.E. (1996) What is Strategy?, Harvard Business Review, November/December, pp. 61-78

Strategy - Co-operative Approaches to

Bromiley, and Cummings, L. 1995, 'Transaction Costs in Organisations with Trust', in Bies, R., Sheppard, B. and Lewicki, R. (eds). Research in Negotiation in Organisations, JAI Press.

Parkhe, A., (1993). 'Strategic Alliance Structuring: A Game Theoretical and Transaction Cost Examination of Interfirm Cooperation', Academy of Management Journal, Vol 36, pp 794-829

Strategy - Change

Argyris, C. (1990) Overcoming Organizational Defences: Facilitating Organisational Leaning, Prentice Hall, Boston

Baden-Fuller, C.W.F., and Stopford, J.M. (1992) Rejuvenating the Mature Business, Routledge, London, pp. 13-34.

Cyert, R.M., and March, J.G. (1963) A Behavioral Theory of the Firm, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ

Ghemawat, P. (1991) Commitment: The Dynamic of Strategy, Free Press, New York

Greenleaf, R.K. (1977) Servant Leadership: A Journey into the Nature of Legitimate Power and Greatness, Paulist Press, New York

Hamel, G. (1996) Strategy as a Revolution, Harvard Business Review, July-August, pp. 69-82.

Hammer, M. (1990) Reengineering Work: Don't Automate, Obliterate, Harvard Business Review, July/August, pp. 104-11

Hammer, M., and Champy, J. (1993) Reengineering the Corporation: A Manifesto for Business Revolution, HarperCollins, New York

Hofstede, G. (1993) Cultural Constraints in Management Theories, Academy of Management Executive, Vol. 7, No 1

Imai, M. (1986) Kaizen: The Key to Japan's Competitive Success, McGraw-Hill, New York

McCaskey, M.B. (1982) The Executive Challenge: Managing Change and Ambiguity, Pitman, Boston

Mintzberg, H. (1994) The Rise and Fall of Strategic Planning, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs

Nonaka, I. (1988) Creating Organizational Order Out of Chaos: Self-Renewal in Japanese Firms, California Management Review, Spring, pp. 9-18

Ouchi, W. (1981) Theory Z: How American Business Can Meet the Japanese Challenge, Addison-Wesley, Reading MA

Quinn, J.B. (1978) Strategic Change: Local Incrementalism, Sloan Management Review, Fall, pp. 7-21

Senge, P.M. (1990) The Leader's New Work: Building Learning Organisations, Sloan Management Review, Fall, pp. 7-23

Stacey, R.D. (1993) Strategy as Order Emerging from Chaos, Long Range Planning, Vol. 26, No.1, pp.10-17

Tushman, M.L., Newman, W.H. and Romanelli, E. (1986) Convergence and Upheaval: Managing the Unsteady Pace of Organizational Evolution, California Management Review, Vol. 29, No 1, Fall, pp. 29-44

Waterman, R.H., Peters, T.J., and Philipps, J.R. (1980) Structure is Not Organization, Business Horizons, June, pp. 14-26

Strategy - Control and Chaos

Argyris, C. (1990) Overcoming Organizational Defences: Facilitating Organisational Leaning, Prentice Hall, Boston

Barney, J.B. (1991) Organizational Culture: Can It Be a Source of Sustainable Competitive Advantage? Academy of Management Review, July, pp. 656-65

Barney, J.B. (1991) Firm Resources and Sustained Competitive Advantage, Journal of Management, Vol. 17, No 1, pp. 99-120

Bennis, W. (1989) On Becoming a Leader, Addison-Wesley, Reading MA

Bennis, W., and Nanus, B. (1985) Leaders: The Strategies for Taking Charge, Harper & Row, New York

Bourgeois, L.J., and Brodwin, D.R. (1983) Putting Your Strategy into Action, Strategic Management Planning, March/May

Child, J. (1972) Organizational Structure, Environment and Performance: The Role of Strategic Choice, Sociology, vol. 6, pp. 1-22

Christensen, C.R., Andrews, K.R., Bower, J.L., Hamermesh, R.G. and Porter, M.E. (1982) Business Policy: Text and Cases, 5th and 6th edns, Irwin, Homewood, IL.

Cyert, R.M., and March, J.G. (1963) A Behavioral Theory of the Firm, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ

Donaldson, G., and Lorsch, J.W. (1983) Decision Making at the Top: The Shaping of Strategic Direction, Basic Books, New York

Drucker, P. (1973) Management: Tasks, Responsibilities, Practices, Harper & Row, New York

Frederickson, J.W. (1983) Strategic Process: Questions and Recommendations, Academy of Management Review, October, pp. 565-75

Galbraith, J.R. (1983) Strategy and Organization Planning, Human Resource Management, Spring/Summer, pp. 63-77

Hambrick, D.C. (1989) Strategic Leadership, Strategic Management Journal, (Special Issue), Vol. 10

Janis, I. (1972) Groupthink, The Free Press, New York

Johnson, G. (1988) Rethinking Incrementalism, Strategic Management Journal, January/February, pp. 75-91

Ket de Vries, M.F.R. (1994) The Leadership Mystique, Academy of Management Executive, Vol. 8, pp. 7-92

Kotter, J.P. (1982) The General Managers, Free Press, New York

Kotter, J.P. (1990) What Leaders Really Do, Harvard Business Review, May-June, pp. 102-11

Mintzberg, H. (1975) The Structuring of Organizations, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ

Mintzberg, H. (1978) Patterns of Strategy Formation, Management Science, May, pp. 934-48

Mitroff, I.I. (1983) Stakeholders of the Organizational Mind: Toward a New View of Organizational Policy Making, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco

Nanus, B. (1992) Visionary Leadership: Creating a Compelling Sense of Direction for Your Organization, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco

Nonaka, I. (1988) Creating Organizational Order Out of Chaos: Self-Renewal in Japanese Firms, California Management Review, Spring, pp. 9-18

Pascale, R.T. (1990) Managing on the Edge: How Successful Companies Use Conflict to Stay Ahead, Viking Penguin, London

Peters, T.J., and Waterman, R.H. (1982) In Search of Excellence, Harper & Row, New York

Pfeffer, J. (1977) The Ambiguity of Leadership, Academy of Management Review, January, pp. 104-12

Porter, M.E. (1980) Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors, Free Press, New York

Quinn, J.B. (1978) Strategic Change: Local Incrementalism, Sloan Management Review, Fall, pp. 7-21

Schein, E.H. (1985) Organizational Culture and Leadership, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco

Selznick, P. (1957) Leadership in Administration: A Sociological Perspective, Harper & Row, New York

Senge, P. (1990) The Fifth Discipline: The Art and Practice of the Learning Organization, Doubleday, New York

Smircich, L., and Stubbart, C. (1985) Strategic Management in an Enacted World, Academy of Management Review, Vol. 120, pp. 57-64

Stacey, R.D. (1992) Managing Chaos: Dynamic Business Strategies in an Unpredictable World, Kogan Page, London

Stopford, J.M., and Baden-Fuller, C. Corporate Rejuvenation, Journal of Management Studies, July, pp. 399-415

Tushman, M.L., Newman, W.H. and Romanelli, E. (1986) Convergence and Upheaval: Managing the Unsteady Pace of Organizational Evolution, California Management Review, Vol. 29, No 1, Fall, pp. 29-44

Weick, K.E. (1979) The Social Psychology of Organizing, Random House, New York

Strategy - Corporate Level Strategy

Campbell, A., and Goold, M. (1988) Adding Value from Corporate Headquarters, London Business School Journal, Summer, pp. 219-40

Campbell, A., Goold, M., and Alexander, M. (1994) Corporate-Level Strategy: Creating Value in the Multibusiness Company, John Wiley & Sons, New York

Campbell, A., Goold, M., and Alexander, M. (1995) The Value of the Parent Company, California Management Review, Vol. 38, No 1, Fall, pp. 79-97

Chatterjee, S. and Wernerfelt, B. (1991) The Link between Resources and Type of Diversification: Theory and Evidence, Strategic Management Journal, January, pp.33-48

Ghoshal, S., and Mintzberg, H. (1994) Diversification and Diversifact, California Management Review, Vol. 37, No 1, Fall, pp. 8-27

Goold, M., and Campbell, A. (1987) Strategies and Styles: The Role of the Centre in Managing Diverse Corporations, Basil Blackwell, Oxford

Hamel, G., and Prahalad, C.K. (1993) Strategy as Stretch and Leverage, Harvard Business Review, March/April, pp. 75-84

Hamel, G., and Prahalad, C.K. (1994) Competing for the Future, Harvard Business School Press

Haspeslagh, P. (1982) Portfolio Planning: Uses and Limits, Harvard Business Review, January/February, pp. 58-73

Hedley, B. (1977) Strategy and the 'Business Portfolio', Long Range Planning, Vol. 10, February, pp. 9-15

Hofstede, G. (1993) Cultural Constraints in Management Theories, Academy of Management Executive, Vol. 7, No 1

Itami, H. (1987) Mobilizing Invisible Assets, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA

Lawrence, P.R., and Lorsch, J.W. (1967) Organization and Environment, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA

Porter, M.E. (1987) From Competitive Advantage to Corporate Strategy, Harvard Business Review, May/June, pp. 43-59

Prahalad, C.K., and Bettis, R.A. (1986) The Dominant Logic: A New Linkage between Diversity and Performance, Strategic Management Journal, November/December, pp. 485-601

Prahalad, C.K., and Doz, Y. (1987) The Multinational Mission: Balancing Local Demands and Global Vision, Free Press, New York

Prahalad, C.K., and Hamel, G. (1990) The Core Competence of the Corporation, Harvard Business Review, May/June, pp. 79-91

Rumelt, R.P. (1974) Strategy, Structure and Economic Performance, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA

Rumelt, R.P. (1982) Diversification Strategy and Profitability, Strategic Management Journal, October/December, pp. 359-69

Strategy Formation

Ackoff, R.L. (1980) Creating the Corporate Future, Wiley, Chichester

Andrews, K. (1987) The Concept of Corporate Strategy, Third Edition, Irwin, Homewood

Ansoff, H.I. and McDonnell, E. (1990) Implanting Strategic Management, 2nd edn, Prentice Hall, New York

Bungay, S., and Goold, M. (1991) Creating a Strategic Control System, Long Range Planning, Vol. 24, No. 6, pp.32-9

Chakravarthy, B.S., and Lorange, P. (1991) Managing the Strategic Process: A Framework for a Multibusiness Firm, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ

Gluck, F.W., Kaufman, S.P., and Walleck, A.S. (1982) The Four Phases of Strategic Management, Journal of Business Strategy, Winter, pp. 9-21.

Godet, M. (1987) Scenarios and Strategic Management, Butterworths, London

Makridakis, S. (1990) Forecasting, Planning and Strategy for the 21st Century, Free Press, New York

Marx, T.G. (1991) Removing the Obstacles to Effective Strategic Planning, Long Range Planning, August, pp. 21-8

Mason, R.O., and Mitroff, I.I. (1981) Challenging Strategic Planning Assumptions, Wiley, New York

Mintzberg, H. (1978) Patterns in Strategy Formation, Management Science, vol. 21, pp. 934-48

Mintzberg, H. (1994) The Rise and Fall of Strategic Planning, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs

Morganthau, H. (1960) Politics Among Nations, Third Edition, New York

Nonaka, I. (1988) Toward Middle-Up-Down Management: Accelerating Information Creation, Sloan Management Review, Spring, pp. 9-18

Ohmae, K. (1982) The Mind of the Strategist, McGraw-Hill

Pfeffer, J. (1981) Power in Organizations, Pitman, Mashfield, Mass.

Quinn, J.B. (1980) Strategies for Change, Irwin, Homewood, IL

Rittel, H. and Webber, M. (1973) Dilemmas in a General Theory of Planning, Policy Sciences, 4, pp. 155-69

Schneider, S.C. (1980) Strategy Formulation: The Impact of National Culture, Organization Studies, Vol. 10, pp. 149-68

Smircich, L., and Stubbart, C. (1985) Strategic Management in an Enacted World, Academy of Management Review, Vol. 120, pp. 57-64

Stacey, R.D. (1993) Strategy as Order Emerging from Chaos, Long Range Planning, Vol. 26, No.1, pp.10-17

Strategy - Globalisation and Localisation

Bartlett, C.A., and Ghoshal, S. (1987) Managing across Borders: New Organizational Responses, Sloan Management Review, Fall, pp. 43-53

Bartlett, C.A., and Ghoshal, S. (1995) Transnational Management: Text, Cases and Readings in Cross-Border Management, second edition, R.D. Irwin Inc.

Chakravarthy, B.S., and Perlmutter, H.W. (1985) Strategic Planning for a Global Business, Columbia Journal of World Business, Summer, pp. 3-10

Douglas, S.P., and Wind, Y. (1987) The Myth of Globalization, Columbia Journal of World Business, Summer, pp. 3-10

Ghoshal, S., and Nohria, N. (1993) Horses for Courses: Organizational Forms for Multinational Companies, Sloan Management Review, Winter, pp. 23-35

Levitt, T. (1983) The Globalization of Markets, Harvard Business Review, June, pp. 92-102

Ohmae, K. (1989) Managing in a Borderless World, Harvard Business Review, May/June, pp. 152-61

Porter, M.E. (1990) The Competitive Advantage of Nations, Macmillan, London

Porter, M.E. (1990) New Global Strategies for Competitive Advantage, Planning Review, May/June, pp. 4-14

Prahalad, C.K., and Doz, Y. (1987) The Multinational Mission: Balancing Local Demands and Global Vision, Free Press, New York

Stopford, J.M., and Wells, L.T. (1972) Strategy and Structure of Multinational Enterprise, Basic Books, New York

Strategy - Harvard Business School Approach to

Andrews, K. 1980, The Concept of Corporate Strategy, Irwin.

Ansoff, H. 1991, 'Critique of Henry Mintzberg's 'The Design School', in Strategic Management Journal, Vol 12, pp. 449-461.

Bartlett, C. and Ghoshal, S. 1993, 'Beyond the M-Form: Towards a Managerial Theory of the Firm', in Strategic Management Journal, Vol 14 Special Issue, pp. 23-46.

Hamel, G. and Prahalad, C .K. 1994, 'Competing for the Future,' in Harvard Business Review, July-August.

Mintzberg, H. 1990, 'The Design School: Reconsidering the Basic Premises of Strategic Management', Strategic Management Journal, Vol 11, pp. 171-195.

Mintzberg, H. 1991a, 'Learning 1, Planning 0: A reply to Igor Ansoff', in Strategic Management Journal, Vol 12, pp. 463-466.

Strategy - Industry Context

Aldrich, H.E. (1979) Organizations and Environments, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ

Arthur, W.B. (1994) Increasing Returns and Path Dependence in the Economy, University of Michigan Press

Baden-Fuller, C.W.F., and Stopford, J.M. (1992) Rejuvenating the Mature Business, Routledge, London, pp. 13-34.

Bettis, R.A., and Donaldson, L. (1980) Market Discipline and the discipline of management, Academy of Management Review, pp. 367-68

Buzzell, R.D., and Gale, B.T. (1987) The PIMS Principles: Linking Strategy to Performance, Free Press, New York

Chakravarthy, B.S., and Lorange, P. (1991) Managing the Strategic Process: A Framework for a Multibusiness Firm, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ

Hamel, G. (1996) Strategy as a Revolution, Harvard Business Review, July-August, pp. 69-82.

Hamel, G., and Prahalad, C.K. (1994) Competing for the Future, Harvard Business School Press

Lawrence, P.R., and Lorsch, J.W. (1967) Organization and Environment, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA

Moore, J.F. (1993) Predators and Prey: A New Ecology of Competition, Harvard Business Review, May/June, pp. 75-86

Porter, M.E. (1985) Competitive Advantage: Creating and Sustaining Superior Performance, Free Press, New York

Prahalad, C.K., and Doz, Y. (1987) The Multinational Mission: Balancing Local Demands and Global Vision, Free Press, New York

Rumelt, R. (1991) How Much Does Industry Matter?, Strategic Management Journal, March, pp. 167-86

Schmalensee, R. (1985) Do Markets Differ Much?, American Economic Review, June, pp. 341-51

Schumpeter, J.A. (1950) Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy, 3rd edn, Harper & Row, New York

Weick, K.E. (1979) The Social Psychology of Organizing, Random House, New York

Strategy - Introduction

Hax, A.C. (1990) Redefining the Concept of Strategy and the Strategy Formation Process, Planning Review, May/June, pp. 34-40

Hofstede, G. (1991) Culture and Organisations: Software of the Mind, McGraw-Hill, London

Machiavelli, N. (1950) The Prince and the Discourses, Modern Library, London

Mason, R.O., and Mitroff, I.I. (1981) Challenging Strategic Planning Assumptions, Wiley, New York

Mintzberg, H. (1990) Strategy Formation: Schools of Thought, in Frederickson, J.W., (Ed.), Perspectives on Strategic Management, Harper & Row, New York

Quinn, R.E. (1988) Beyond Rational Management: Mastering the Paradoxes and Competing Demands of High Performance, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco

Rittel, H. and Webber, M. (1973) Dilemmas in a General Theory of Planning, Policy Sciences, 4, pp. 155-69

Rumelt, R.P. (1980) The Evaluation of Business Strategy, in Glueck, W.F. Business Policy and Strategic Management, Third Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York

Schein, E.H. (1985) Organizational Culture and Leadership, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco

Strategy - Network Level Strategy

Axelrod, R. (1984) The Evolution of Cooperation, Basic Books, New York

Chandler, A.D. (1986) The Evolution of Modern Global Competition, in Porter, M.E. (ed.), Competition in Global Industries, Harvard Business School Press, Boston, pp. 405-48

Gambetta, D. (ed.) (1988) Trust: Making and Breaking Cooperative Relations, Blackwell, New York

Ghoshal, S., and Moran, P. (1996) Bad for Practice: a Critique of the Transactional Cost Theory, Academy of Management Review, Vol. 21, No 1, pp.13-47.

Hamel, G., Doz, Y.L., and Prahalad, C.K. (1989) Collaborate with Your Competitors and Win, Harvard Business Review, January/February, pp. 133-9

Handy, C. (1989) The Age of Unreason, Business Books, London

Hendry, J. (1995) Culture, Community and Networks: The Hidden Cost of Out-sourcing, European Management Journal, Vol. 13, No 2, pp. 193-200

Hofstede, G. (1993) Cultural Constraints in Management Theories, Academy of Management Executive, Vol. 7, No 1

Jarillo, J.C. (1988) On Strategic Networks, Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 9, No 1, pp. 31-41

Lorange, P., and Roos, J. (1992) Strategic Alliances: Formation, Implementation, and Evolution, Blackwell, Cambridge, MA

Parke, A. (1991) Interfirm Diversity, Organizational Learning, and Longevity in Global Strategic Alliances, Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 22, pp. 579-601

Porter, M.E. (1990) The Competitive Advantage of Nations, Macmillan, London

Preece, S.B. (1995) Incorporating International Strategic Alliances into Overall Firm Strategy: A Typology of Six Managerial Objectives, The International Executive, Vol. 37, May/June, pp. 261-77

Teece, D.J. (1992) Competition, Cooperation and Innovation: Organisational Arrangements for Regimes of Rapid Technological Progress, Journal of Economic Behaviour and Organization, Vol. 18 pp. 1-25

Zand, D. (1972) Trust and Managerial problem Solving, Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 17, June, pp. 229-39

Strategy - Options Theory

Bowman, E. and Hurry, D., (1993). 'Strategy Through the Options Lens: An Integrated View of resource Investments and the Incremental-Choice Process', Academy of Management Review, Vol 18, pp 760-782

Copeland, T.E. and Keenan, P.T. (1998) "How much is flexibility worth?", McKinsey Quarterly no.2 pp 38-49

Luehrman, T.A. (1998) 'strategy as a portfolio of real options", Harvard Business Review vol 76, September-October, pp 89-99

Luehrman, T.A. (1998) "Investment opportunities as real options: getting started on the numbers", Harvard Business Review vol 76 July-August, pp 51-67

Strategy - Organisational Purpose

Aldrich, H. E. (1979) Organisations and Environments, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.

Allanson, G. (1995) "A Cornerstone of Corporate Health", in Directors' Forum, October.

Andrews, K. (1980) The Concept of Corporate Strategy, Irwin.

Ansoff, H. (1991) "Critique of Henry Mintzberg's "The Design School", in Strategic Management Journal, Vol 12, pp. 449-461.

Argenti, J. (1997) 'stakeholders: the Case in Favour", in Long Range Planning, Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 446-449.

Australian Investment Managers' Association (1995) Corporate Governance: A Guide for Investment Managers & A Statement of Recommended Corporate Practice", June.

Band, D. (1992) "Corporate Governance: Why Agency Theory Is Not Enough", in European Management Journal, December, vol. 10 no. 4, pp. 453-459.

Barney, J. (1991) "Firm Resources and Sustained Competitive Advantage", in Journal of Management, Vol 17, pp. 99-120.

Bartlett, C. and Ghoshal, S. (1993) "Beyond the M-Form: Towards a Managerial Theory of the Firm", in Strategic Management Journal, Vol 14 Special Issue, pp. 23-46.

Bass, B. M. (1981) Stogdill's Handbook of Leadership: A survey of Theory and Research, (rev. ed.), Free Press, New York.

Beach, D. S., (1970). Personnel: The Management of People at Work, Macmillan, New York.

Bolman, L.G., and Deal, T.E. (1991a) Reframing Organisations, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco.

Bolman, L.G., and Deal, T.E. (1991b) Modern Approaches to Understanding and Managing Organisations, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco.

Bower, J. L., and Weinberg, M. W. (1988) Statecraft, Strategy, and Corporate Leadership, Winter, pp. 39-49.

Boyd, B. (1994) "Board Control and CEO Compensation", in Strategic Management Journal, Vol 15, pp. 335-344.

Bromiley, and Cummings, L. (1995) "Transaction Costs in Organisations with Trust", in Bies, R., Sheppard, B. and Lewicki, R. (eds), Research in Negotiation in Organisations, JAI Press.

Cameron. A. (1995) "Corporate Governance - The Australian Securities Commission Perspective", paper presented at Corporate Governance 1995 Conference, Melbourne.

Campbell, A. (1997) 'stakeholders: the Case in Favour", in Long Range Planning, Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 446-449.

Chandler, A. D. (1962) Strategy and Structure, The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.

Collins, O., and Moore, D. G. (1970) The Organisation Makers, Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York.

Collins, O., Moore, D. G. and Unwalla, D. (1967) The Enterprising Man, Bureau of Business and Economic Research, Graduate School of Business, Michigan State University, East Lansing.

Conger, J. "The Dark Side of Leadership", in Organisational Dynamics.

Davidson, S. (1997) Agency theory - History and Principles, unpublished incidental paper.

Deal, T.E., and Kennedy, A. A. (1983) Corporate Cultures, Addison-Wesley

Dessler, G. (1980) Organisation Theory: Integrating Structure and Behaviour, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

Deveson, I. (1995) "The Gap of Trust", paper presented at Corporate Governance 1995 Conference, Melbourne.

Dixit, A. and Nalebuff, B. (1991) Thinking Strategically, Norton, Ch 1-3.

Eden, C. (1994) 'strategy Development and Implementation: Cognitive Mapping for Group Support", in Hendry, J., Johnson, G. and Newton, J., Strategic Thinking: Leadership and the Management of Change, Ch 5.

Fama, E. (1980) "Agency Problems and the Theory of the Firm", in Journal of Political Economy, Vol 88, pp. 299-307.

Francis, I. (1997) Future Direction: The Power of the Competitive Board, FT Pitman, Melbourne.

Fromson, B. D. (1990) "The big owners roar", in Fortune, 122(3), pp. 66-78.

Gartside, T. (1998) "Rust on The Boardroom Floor", in Management Today, March 1998.

Geneen, H. S. (1984) Managing, Doubleday & Co., Garden City, NY.

Golden, B. (1992) "The Past is the Past - Or Is It? The Use of Retrospective Accounts as Indicators of Past Strategy", in Academy of Management Journal, Vol 35, No 4, pp. 848-860.

Hamel, G. and Prahalad, C .K. (1994) "Competing for the Future," in Harvard Business Review, July-August.

Hillmer, F.G. and Donaldson, L. (1996) Management Redeemed, Free Press, East Roseville.

Jacoby, J. (1997) "Quantifying Shareholder Objectives To Secure Effective Investor Relations", Address to A.I.C.D. conference Driving Tomorrow's Company, Sydney, May.

James, D. (1994) "The Chaps in the Boardroom: Masters or Servants", in Business Review Weekly, September 19.

James, D. (1996) "Companies learn the value of talking to shareholders", in Business Review Weekly, March 18.

Jensen, M.C. and Meckling, W.H. (1976) "Theory of the Firm: Managerial Behaviour, Agency Costs and Ownership Structure", in Journal of Financial Economics, p. 308.

Kaplan, R. S. and Norton, D. (1996) "Using the Balanced Scorecard as a Strategic Management System", in Harvard Business Review, January-February, pp. 75-85.

Kenny, D. A., and Zaccaro, S.J. (1983) "An Estimate of Variance Due to Traits in Leadership", in Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 68, No. 4, pp. 678-685.

Kets de Vries, M. F. R. (1977) "The Entrepreneurial Personality: A Person at the Crossroads", in Journal of Management Studies, Vol. 14, pp. 34-57.

Koutsoyiannis, A. (1982) Non-Price Decisions: The Firm in a Modern Context, McMillan, London, p. 437.

LEK Partnership, and RMIT. (1997) Performance Measurement in Australia.

Lessard, D. R., and Zaheer, S. (1996) "Breaking the Silos: Distributed Knowledge and Strategic Responses to Volatile Exchange Rates", in Strategic Management Journal.

Lieberson, S., and O"Connor, J.F. (1972) "Leadership and organisational performance: A study of large corporations", in American Sociological Review, 37, pp. 117-130.

Linden, D. W., and Lenzner, R. (1995) "Teaching directors to think like shareholders", in Business Review Weekly, July 17.

Matheson, I. (1995) "Corporate Governance and the Role of Institutional Investors", paper presented at Corporate Governance 1995 Conference, Melbourne.

McCarthy, J.J. (1978) Why Managers Fail and What to do about it, Prestige, Sydney.

Miller, D. (1983) "The Correlates of Entrepreneurship in Three Types of Firms", in Management Science, Vol. 29, No. 7, July.

Miller, D., and Toulouse, J. (1986) "Chief Executive Personality and Corporate Strategy and Structure in Small Firms", in Management Science, Vol. 32, No. 11, November.

Millstein, I. (1995a) "The Professional Board", paper presented at Corporate Governance 1995 Conference, Melbourne.

Millstein, I. (1995b) "Corporate Governance in the United States", paper presented at Corporate Governance 1995 Conference, Melbourne.

Mintzberg, H. (1990) "The Design School: Reconsidering the Basic Premises of Strategic Management", Strategic Management Journal, Vol 11, pp. 171-195.

Mintzberg, H. (1991) "Learning 1, Planning 0: A reply to Igor Ansoff", in Strategic Management Journal, Vol 12, pp. 463-466.

Mintzberg, H. And Quinn, J. (1991) The Strategy Process, (2nd Edition) Irwin.

Moore, J. (1993) "Predators and Prey: A New Ecology of Competition", in Harvard Business Review, May-June, pp. 75-86.

Morgan, G. (1986) Images of Organisation, Sage, Newbury Park.

Murphy, K.J. (1985) "Corporate Performance and Managerial Remuneration", in Journal of Accounting and Economics, 7, pp. 11-42.

Nicholls, L. B. (1996) "The Role of the Board in Strategy Setting", paper delivered at Australian Institute of Company Directors, National Conference, 13 June.

Niehoff, B., Enz, C. A., and Grover, R. A. (1990) "The Impact of Top-Management Actions on Employee Attitudes and Perceptions", in Group & Organisational Studies, Vol. 15 No.  3, September, pp. 337-352.

Parker, L. D. (1996) 'strategic Objectives", in Australian Company Secretary, March.

Patten, T.H. Jr. (1981) Organisational Development Through Teambuilding, John Wiley, New York.

Perlmuth, L. (1996) "Easy to swallow poison pills", in The Institutional Investor, June 01, Vol. 30, No. 6, pp. 35-36.

Porter, M. (1980) Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analysing Industries and Competitors, The Free Press , New York.

Porter, M. (1990) "The Competitive Advantage of Nations", in Harvard Business Review, March-April, pp. 73-90.

Rediker, K. J. and Seth, A. (1995) "Boards of Directors and Substitution Effects of Alternative Governance Mechanisms", in Strategic Management Journal, Vol 16, pp. 85-99.

Reger, R. and Huff, A. (1993) 'strategic Groups: A Cognitive Perspective", in Strategic Management Journal, Vol 14, pp. 103-124.

Rumelt,, R. (1991) "How much Does Industry Matter?", in Strategic Management Journal, Vol 12, pp. 167-185.

Rumelt, R.P., Schendel, D. and Teece, D.J. (1991) 'strategic Management and Economics", in Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 12, pp. 5-29.

Salmon, W. J. (1993) "Crisis Prevention: How to Gear Up Your Board", in Harvard Business Review, January-February, pp. 68-75.

Salz-Trautman, and Dwyer, (1995) "He loves watching German executives squirm", in Business Week, September 18.

Sashkin, M. (1986) Becoming a Visionary Leader: A Guide For Understanding and Developing Visionary Leadership, Published by Organisation Design and Development Inc.

Sawyer, M.C. (1979) Theories of the Firm, St. Martins Press, New York, 103.

Shapero, A. (1975) "The Displaced, Uncomfortable Entrepreneur", in Psychology Today, Vol. 11, No. 7, November, pp. 83-89.

Shapiro, E.C. (1995) Fad Surfing in the Boardroom, HarperBusiness, Sydney.

Steiner, G. A. (1979) Strategic Planning: What Every Manager Must Know, Free Press, New York.

Stewart, T. A. (1993) "The King is Dead", in Fortune, January 11, pp20-25.

Stubbington, G. (1995) "The Competitive Board: An AICD Perspective", paper presented at Corporate Governance 1995 Conference, Melbourne.

Sykes. T. (1996) "How a CEO should work by the book", in The Australian Financial Review, November 7.

Thomas, A. B. (1988) "Does Leadership Make a Difference to Organisational Performance?", in Administrative Science Quarterly, 33, pp. 388-400.

Thomas, T. (1998) "Don"t Just Talk About The Money", in Business Review Weekly, February 16, 1998.

Toulouse, J. M. (1980), L'Entrepreneurship au Quebec, Les Presses H. E. C., Montreal.

Van Seters, D. A., and Field, R. H. G. (1990) "The Evolution of Leadership Theory", in Journal of Organisational Change Management, 3(3), pp. 29-45.

Weick, K. (1995) Sensemaking in Organisations, Sage, Ch. 8.

Weiner, N., and Mahoney, T. A. (1978) "A Model of Corporate Performance as a Function of Environmental, Organisational, and Leadership Influences", in Academy of Management Journal, 24, pp. 453-470.

Wernerfelt, B. (1984) "A resource-based View of the Firm", in Strategic Management Journal, Vol 5, pp. 285-305.

Wernerfelt, B. (1995) "The Resource-based View of the Firm: Ten Years After", in Strategic Management Journal, Vol 16, pp. 171-174.

Williamson, O. E. (1975) Markets and Hierarchies: Analysis and Antitrust Implications, Free Press, New York.

Williamson, O. E. (1991) 'strategising, Economising, and Economic Organisation", in  Strategic Management Journal, Vol 12, pp. 75-94.

Wood, J. D. (1997) "Managing Across the Cultural Divide", in Business Review Weekly, March 31.

Wright, and Ferris, S. "Agency Conflict and Corporate Strategy: The Effect of Divestment on Corporate Value", in Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 18, pp. 77-83.

Yukl, G. (1989) "Managerial Leadership: A Review of Theory and Research", in Journal of Management, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 251-289.

Zajac, E. J. (1990) "CEO Selection, Succession, Compensation and Firm Performance: A Theoretical Integration and Empirical Analysis", in Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 11, pp. . 217-230.

Strategy - Process

Aldrich, H.E. (1979) Organizations and Environments, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ

Andrews, K. (1987) The Concept of Corporate Strategy, Third Edition, Irwin, Homewood

Baden-Fuller, C.W.F., and Stopford, J.M. (1992) Rejuvenating the Mature Business, Routledge, London, pp. 13-34.

Child, J. (1972) Organizational Structure, Environment and Performance: The Role of Strategic Choice, Sociology, vol. 6, pp. 1-22

Cyert, R.M., and March, J.G. (1963) A Behavioral Theory of the Firm, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ

Dixit, A.K., and Nalebuff, B.J. (1991) Thinking Strategically: The Competitive Edge in Business, Politics, and Everyday Life, W.W. Norton, New York

Eden, C. (1989) Using Cognitive Mapping for Strategic Options Development and Analysis (SODA), in Rosenhead, J., (ed.), Rational Analysis in a Problematic World, Wiley, London

Hamel, G. (1996) Strategy as a Revolution, Harvard Business Review, July-August, pp. 69-82.

Huff, A.S. (1982) Industry Influence on Strategy Reformulation, Strategic Management Review, vol. 3, pp. 119-31.

McCaskey, M.B. (1982) The Executive Challenge: Managing Change and Ambiguity, Pitman, Boston

Mintzberg, H., Ahlstrand, B. and Lampel, J. (1998) Strategy Safari: A guided tour through the wilds of strategic management, The Free Press, New York

Mintzberg, H., and Waters, J.A. (1983) The Mind of the Strategist(s), in Srivaste, S. (ed.), The Executive Mind, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco

Morgan, G. (1993) Imaginization: The Art of Creative Management, Sage, Newbury Park, CA

Ohmae, K. (1982) The Mind of the Strategist, McGraw-Hill

Schneider, S.C. (1980) Strategy Formulation: The Impact of National Culture, Organization Studies, Vol. 10, pp. 149-68

Senge, P.M. (1990) The Leader's New Work: Building Learning Organisations, Sloan Management Review, Fall, pp. 7-23

Smircich, L., and Stubbart, C. (1985) Strategic Management in an Enacted World, Academy of Management Review, Vol. 120, pp. 57-64

Weick, K.E. (1987) Substitutes for Corporate Strategy, in: Teece, D.J. (ed.), The Competitive Challenge: Strategies for Industrial Innovation and Renewal, Ballinger, Cambridge, MA

Surveys

Birnbaum, Z. W. and Mirken, M. G. (1950). 'Bias due to non-availability in Sampling Surveys', Journal of American Statistics Association, 98-111

Clausen and Ford (1947). 'Controlling bias in mail questionnaires', Journal of American Statistics Association, 42, 497-511

Cochran, W. G. (1963). Sampling Techniques, Wiley, New York

Deming, W. E. (1953). 'On a probability mechanism to attain an economic balance between the resultant error of response and the bias of nonresponse', Journal of American Statistics Association, 48, 743-772

De Vaus, D. A. (1991). Surveys in Social Research, Allen and Unwin, London

Durbin, J. (1954). 'Nonresponse and Call backs in surveys', Bulletin of International Statistics Institute, 2, 72-86

Durbin, J. and Stuart, S. (1954). 'Call backs and clustering in Sample Surveys: an experimental study', Journal of the Royal Statistics Society (A), 117, 387-428

El-Badry, M. A. (1956). 'A Sampling Procedure for Mailed Questionnaires', Journal of American Statistics Association, 51, 583-6

Erdos, P. L. and Morgan, A. J. (1970). Professional Mail Survey, McGraw Hill

Foreman, E. K. (1985). 'Survey Design', Australian Journal of Statistics, 27, 1-19

Hansen, M. H. and Hurwitz, W. N. (1946). 'The problem of nonresponse in sample surveys', Journal of American Statistics Association, 41, 517-529

Kish, L. (1965). Survey Sampling, Wiley, New York

Parten and Mildred (1966). Surveys, Polls and Samples: Practical Procedures, Cooper Square Publishers, New York

Politz, A. and Simmons, W. (1949). 'An attempt to get the 'Not-at-homes' into the sample without callbacks', Journal of American Statistics Association, 44, 9-31

Politz, A. and Simmons, W. (1949). 'A note on 'An attempt to get the 'Not-at-homes' into the sample without callbacks'', Journal of American Statistics Association, 45, 136-7

Raj, D. (1958). 'On the relative accuracy of some sampling techniques', Journal of American Statistics Association, 53, 98

Raj, D. (1968). Sampling Theory, McGraw Hill, New Delhi

Srinath, K. P. (1971). 'Multiphase sampling in nonresponse problems', Journal of American Statistics Association, 66, 583-6

Steele, D., Vella, J. and Harrington, P. (1996). 'Quality issues in telephone surveys: Coverage, non-response and quota sampling', Australian Journal of Statistics, 38(1), 15-34

Warwick, D. P. and Lininger, C. A. (1975). The Sample Survey: Theory and Practice, McGraw Hill

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